Let’s get a quick overview of differences between AWS CloudTrail, AWS Config and Amazon CloudWatch.
You will learn
- What is AWS CloudTrail?
- What is AWS Config?
- When do you use Amazon CloudWatch?
- Comparison - AWS CloudTrail vs Config vs CloudWatch
- When do you use - AWS CloudTrail vs Config vs CloudWatch
- Track events, API calls, changes made to your AWS resources:
- Who made the request?
- What action was performed?
- What are the parameters used?
- What was the end result?
- (USE CASE) Compliance with regulatory standards
- (USE CASE) Troubleshooting. Locate a missing resource
- Delivers log files to S3 and/or Amazon cloud watch logs log group ( S3 is default )
- You can setup SNS notifications for log file delivery
AWS Cloud Trail Types
- Multi Region Trail
- One trail of all AWS regions
- Events from all regions can be sent to one CloudWatch logs log group
- Single Region Trail
- Only events from one region
- Destination S3 bucket can be in any region
AWS Cloud Trail - Good to know
- Log files are automatically encrypted with Amazon S3 SSE
- You can configure S3 Lifecycle rules to archive or delete log files
- Supports log file integrity
- You can prove that a log file has not been altered
- Create a complete inventory of your AWS resources
- Resource history and change tracking
- Find how a resource was configured at any point in time
- Configuration of deleted resources would be maintained
- Delivers history file to S3 bucket every 6 hours
- Take configuration snapshots when needed
- Customize Config Rules for specific resources or for entire AWS account
- Continuously evaluate compliance against desired configuration
- Get a SNS notification for every configuration change
- Consistent rules and compliance across AWS accounts:
- Group Config Rules and Remediation Actions into Conformance Packs
Predefined Config Rule Examples (80+)
- alb-http-to-https-redirection-check - Checks whether HTTP to HTTPS redirection is configured on all HTTP listeners of Application Load Balancers
- ebs-optimized-instance - Checks whether EBS optimization is enabled for your EC2 instances that can be EBS-optimized
- ec2-instance-no-public-ip - Do EC2 instances have public IPs?
- encrypted-volumes - Are all EC2 instance attached EBS volumes encrypted?
- eip-attached - Are all Elastic IP addresses used?
- restricted-ssh - Checks whether security groups that are in use disallow unrestricted incoming SSH traffic
AWS Config Rules
- (Feature) Create Lambda functions with your custom rules
- (Feature) You can setup auto remediation for each rule
- Take immediate action on a non compliant resource
- (Example) Stop EC2 instances without a specific tag!
- Enable AWS Config to use the rules
- No Free Tier
- More rules to check => More \(\)
AWS Config + AWS CloudTrail
- AWS Config
- What did my AWS resource look like?
- AWS CloudTrail
- Who made an API call to modify this resource?
Monitoring AWS with Amazon CloudWatch
- Monitoring and observability service
- Collects monitoring and operational data in the form of logs, metrics, and events
- Set alarms, visualize logs, take automated actions and troubleshoot issues
- Integrates with more than 70 AWS services:
- Amazon EC2
- Amazon DynamoDB
- Amazon S3
- Amazon ECS
- AWS Lambda
- and ….